What social problems are associated with mining developments in LEDCs?

Mining is often a useful way for LEDCs to gain finanancially from their natural resources. However, large global mining companies and governments in developing countries often do not enforce the same planning, social and environmental standards as they would in MEDCs. Here are a couple of examples of the allegations that have been made:

A Canadian mining firm operating in Guatemala:


A British firm operating in Peru:



Coca-Cola in Venice – How does the spread of big brands indicate globalisation?

Many iconic places try to reject big global brands, as a way of preserving their status and heritage. The introduction of 60 Coca-Cola vending machines to Venice has caused an inevitable row, but is the spread of global brands inevitable?


How has the EU grown and how might it grow in the future?

This article discusses how the European Union has grown and how it might grow further. There are serious differences of opinion over who should or shouldn’t be allowed to join and there will need to be a lot of diplomacy before deals are sealed:


How is China’s influence spreading around the world?

There are many examples of China’s growing economic influence around the world, including islands in the South Pacific:


How is the move of Chinese industries into Africa affecting local people?

China is taking an increasing interest in Africa’s resources, with varying results:


Many Chinese mining companies have set up new mines in Africa to answer the demand for raw materials in China, but they are not always welcome:


In the Congo, China plans to help develop the country’s infrastructure in return for access to some of its resources:


How is the demand for metals affecting rural India?

The global demand for metals, fuelled by the rise of industry in China and India is turning some former agricultural areas into mining zones. Are the rural poor benfitting or are some being left behind in the rush for metals?