How does climate change cause migration?

Climate change, whether anthropogenic (man made), natural or both can accelerate processes such as desertification, coastal erosion and flooding. Here are some pictoral examples of where this is happening around the world:


Can road building help India’s economy develop?

As anyone who has travelled on them can attest, travelling on India’s roads can be an interesting experience. India is beginning to emerge as a powerful economy, but for a long time, poor infrastructure has held back progress. At the beginning of 2010, the Indian government announced the expansion of investment in infrastructure, to $1 trillion.

This includes an ambitious road building plan:

Plastiki sets sail: will it help change our approach to waste?

Named in honour of Thor Heyerdahl’s Kon-Tiki raft, which sailed across the Pacific in 1947 (, Plastiki is made mostly from recycled plastic bottles and aims to highlight the damage that non-recycled plastic waste does to the marine environment. In the USa ~38 billion plastic bottles are thrown away each year. The expedition seeks to encourage us to recycle more. You can find out more about their expedition here: & here:

Plastics in the Pacific Ocean end up as tiny pellets which are floating in a huge mat about 5 times the size of the UK. You can find out more about the dangers of plastic pollution here:

Local Actions Global Effects: do you owe compensation to these Bolivians?

Most people recognise that actions in one part of the world can have unintended consequences much further away. Now a group of Andean Bolivians want an international court of environmental justice to be established, in the hope that it will recognise that their livelihoods are being damaged by climate change and compensate them. You can read more about their plight here:

Tourism and Terrorism in Timbuktu – how is one affecting the other in Mali’s famous city?

Timbuktu, in Mali, has UNESCO world heritage status due to it’s ancient heritage and iconic status – However, it is listed as being at risk due to advancing desert sands.

Recently, islamic terrorism has affected tourism to the region and this has had a knock on effect on the economy:

More about Timbuktu here:

Where did migrants from the “new” EU countries come to in the UK?

Following the accession of Poland, Czech Republic, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Hungary, Slovakia and Slovenia to the EU in 2004, there was a large influx of migrant labour from those countries into the UK and other EU nations. Their arrival had many effects, including putting strain on education resources and boosting church attendances. Some of the predicted problems did not materialise and the UK public generally found the migrants to be a welcome addition to the job market, filling a range of gaps from low skilled farm labouring, such as harvesting, through to more skilled posts, such as plumbing and building work. Many returned home again after a few years, particularly as the impact of the “credit crunch” hit them hard.

This link shows where migrants from the A8 countries arrived in the period from 2004 to 2007:

What social problems are associated with mining developments in LEDCs?

Mining is often a useful way for LEDCs to gain finanancially from their natural resources. However, large global mining companies and governments in developing countries often do not enforce the same planning, social and environmental standards as they would in MEDCs. Here are a couple of examples of the allegations that have been made:

A Canadian mining firm operating in Guatemala:

A British firm operating in Peru: